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Short ZERO biography of Heinz Mack

Heinz Mack was born on 8 March 1931 in Lollar in Hesse and currently lives and works in Mönchengladbach and Ibiza. From 1950 to 1956, he studied the art of painting at the Kunstakademie [Academy of Arts] in Düsseldorf, where he met Otto Piene, as well as philosophy at the University of Cologne. In 1957, Mack, together with Piene, initiated the so-called “Abendausstellungen” [Evening exhibitions], which were only on display for one evening respectively. The exhibitions could be viewed inside the studio space of the two artists, located at Gladbacher Straße 69 in Düsseldorf. In 1958, the magazine “ZERO” was founded by Heinz Mack and Otto Piene and was later to give its name to an international art movement. Until 1966, Heinz Mack and Otto Piene, together with Günther Uecker, formed the inner circle of the movement. In 1964, Mack visited New York for the first time. Later in 1966, he spent much of his time in this city, until he received a professorship in Osaka in 1967. The name Heinz Mack can be found in every artistic genre: from painting and sculpting to kinetic art, installation art and art in exterior spaces.

Cf. Heinz Mack: Leben und Werk. Ein Buch vom Künstler über den Künstler / Life and Work. A Book from the Artist about the Artist, 1931–2011, Köln 2011

Foto: Maren Heyne

 

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Short ZERO biography of Günther Uecker

Günther Uecker was born on 13 March 1930 in Wendorf and lives and works in Düsseldorf. After his studies of applied arts in Wismar and later also in Berlin/Weißensee, Uecker moved to the Federal Republic of Germany in 1953. From 1955 to 1957, he studied at the Kunstakademie (Academy of Arts) Düsseldorf, where he later worked at as a professor from 1974 to 1995. In 1958, Günther Uecker participated in the seventh “Abendausstellung” (evening exhibition), organised by Heinz Mack and Otto Piene at Gladbacher Straße 69 in Düsseldorf and called “Das rote Bild” (The red picture). In 1961, he was substantially involved in the organisation of the event “ZERO: Edition, Exposition, Demonstration” at Galerie Schmela in Düsseldorf. The reason for this event was the publication of the third issue of the magazine “ZERO”, edited by Heinz Mack and Otto Piene. Afterwards, Uecker, together with Mack and Piene, formed the inner circle of the international art movement ZERO. Uecker’s artistic work extends from painting to object and installation art, from stage design to performance and art in exterior spaces.

Cf. Uecker, exh.-cat. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen , Düsseldorf 2015.

Photo: Maren Heyne

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Short ZERO biography of Otto Piene

Otto Piene was born on 18 April 1928 in Laasphe (Westphalia) and died on 17 July 2014 in Berlin. After spending two years in Munich, he studied the art of painting at the Kunstakademie [Academy of Arts] in Düsseldorf from 1950 to 1957, as well as philosophy at the University of Cologne. In 1957, Otto Piene, together with Heinz Mack, initiated the “Abendausstellungen”, which were only on display for one evening respectively. The artists had met in the Kunstakademie and the exhibitions could be viewed in their joint studio space, located at Gladbacher Straße 69 in Düsseldorf. In 1958, the magazine “ZERO” was founded by Heinz Mack and Otto Piene and was later to give its name to an international art movement. Until 1966, Otto Piene, together with Heinz Mack and Günther Uecker, formed the inner circle of the movement. Since 1964, Otto Piene spent most of his life in the United States of America, where he worked from 1968 to 1994 at the Center of Advanced Visual Studies (CAVS) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge. Piene’s work can be found in the category of painting and kinetic art as well as in multimedia installations, performances and Sky Art Events.

Cf. Ante Glibota, Otto Piene, o. O., Delight Edition, 2011, S. 693–704

Foto: Maren Heyne